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artur konan doili

14:27 21.05.2011 [gia mamaladze]

1859 wlis 22 maiss daibada didi mwerali artur konan doili.

 

albat, uamravi klasikosis saxelic ki ar icis msoflios mosaxleobis absoluturma umravlesobam, magram konan doili icis yvelam. gansakutrebit mas mere, rac XX saukunis 50-iani wlebidan ganvitarda kinoxelovneba. mxatvrul kinoshi albat, sherlok holmsis tema ert-erti yvelaze metad aris ekranizebulia (albat diumas gmirebtan da kidev ramdenime mwerlis nawarmoebebtan ertad). tumca, manamdec, tavis sicocxleshive, artur konan doilma daipyro mkitxvelta goneba da guli, aseve wignis maghaziebi mtels planetaze.

 

arsebobs, albat, cnobili da naklebad cnobili motxrobebi, literaturuli nawarmoebebi, mat shoris genialuri da brwyinvale, magram "baskervilebis dzaghli", "sherlok holmsis tavgadasavali" da konan doilis kidev ramdenime shedevri, ert-erti yvelaze metad cnobili nawarmoebebia msoflioshi.

 

dghes, deteqtivi mkitxvelta shoris, isev, dzalian popularulia. magram, aris mkitxvelta wre, romelic deteqtivs ar tvlis seriozul nawarmoebad. dzalian bevri tvlis, rom deteqtivi naklebad inteleqtualuri xalxistvisaa gankutvnili da ar miekutvneba xelovnebis sferos...

 

magram, amgvarad ganwyobilta absolutur umravlesobas, mainc, wakitxuli aqvs konan doilis deteqtivebi da nawarmoebit aghfrtovanebuli, yovel shemtxvevashi, gatacebuli, shepyrobili mainc yofila kitxvis momentshi (siymawvileshi mainc). xelovnebis ert-erti danishnulebac es aris. mwerlebsac amgvari mizani aqvt.

 

iqneb martlac, deteqtivebis didi nawili ar miekutvneba xelovnebis dargs. tumca esec sadaoa, radgan didi xelovneba schirdeba kargi deteqtiuri nawarmoebis sheqmnas, da meore, deteqtivic aris da deteqtivic. deteqtiuri janris faqtiuri safudzvlis chamyrelis, artur konan doilis deteqtiuri nawarmoebebi ara marto gamodziebaa, ara marto deteqtivia, aramed xelovnebis yvela dargistvis damaxasiatebeli ert-erti shedegis, katarzisis momtanicaa xshir shemtxvevashi.

 

chven vecnobit pirovnebebs, romlebic emsaxurebian sazogadoebas da adamianebs, dzalian gulwrfelad da tanac, ertgulad, xshir shemtxvevashi tavganwirulad. kitxvis dros mkitxveli ver wydeba ambavs, ghameebs atenebs, dzalian dainteresebulia, qomagobs genios sherlok holms, mis megobars doqtor uotsons... mtlianad mat mxaresaa, aghfrtovanebulia mati pirovnebit. ra genialuri da ubraloa daskvnebi. rogori bunebrivia qmedebebi... borotsa sdzlia ketilman...

 

konan doilis nawarmoebebshi chven vakvirdebit danashaulis bunebas da ginda tu ara uars vambobt masze, radgan danashauli artur konan doilis motxrobebshi idealizebuli ar aris, rogorc es mere moxda amerikul da evropul deteqtiuri janris mwerlobashi tu kinematografshi.

 

artur konan dioli ar aris mxolod deteqtivebis avtori, da ara imitom, rom sxva janris nawarmoebebsac qmnida, tumca msoflio mas pirvel rigshi mainc asetad miichnevs. artur konan doili namdvili klasikosia, am sityvis namdvili mnishvnelobit. diax, klasikosia, tundac tavisi deteqtiuri nawarmoebebit.

 

is iyo patrioti, amastan samartlianobis moyvare. shesanishnavi mwerali da didi fantaziis mqone shemoqmedi. dzalian mnishvnelovania misi "dakarguli qveyana" da saertod cikli profesor chelenjeris shesaxeb, romelic aseve dzalian popularuli gaxda gamoqveynebisatanave da dzalian popularulia axlac. sainteresoa misi iumoristuli cikli brigadir jerarze. werda istoriul romanebs. avtobiografiuli xasiatis nawarmoebebs. misi wvlili dzalian didia samecniero-fantastikis sferoshi. werda leqsebs, iyo dramaturgi da publicisti. samocamde wignis, motxrobis da krebulis  avtoria. unda aghinishnos, rom konan doili, rogorc mwerali dzalian dzlieria, is shesanishnavad agebs siujetebs, dzalian damajereblad  da sainteresod gviambobs, araferia mastan zedmeti, brwyinvaled axerxebs dialogebis gadmocemas...  

 

titqmis yvela sferoshi did warmatebas miaghwia da pativiscema daimsaxura, rogorc shemoqmedma da ketilshobilma adamianma, rogorc moghvawem da daudgromelma pirovnebam.

 

rogorc vtqvit, didi mwerali daibada 1859 wlis 22 maiss shotlandiis dedaqalaqshi, edinburgshi, mravalricxovan ojaxshi. ojaxshi cxra bavshvi yofila. misi namdvili saxelia Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle. 1900-ani wlebidan raindis wodeba mianiches. doili iyo namdvili gvari, konani, tavisi meore saxeli, ertgvar literaturul fsevdonimad aqcia (konan doili). dawyebiti skolis mere, natesavebis daxmarebit swavlobda iezuitebis kolejshi da im droidan ver itanda ganatlebis sferoshi (da saertod), adamianis fizikur dasjas.

 

mama arqiteqtori gaxldat da gatacebuli iyo xatvit, tumca alkoholic dzalian hyvarebia da aman mougho kidec bolo. dedas dzalian uyvarda literatura da kargi mtxrobeli yofila, ramac didi gavlena iqonia momaval geniosze.

 

kolejis damtavrebis mere, momavalma mweralma gadawyvita eqimi gamxdariyo. chaabara edinburgis universitetshi. mesame kursidan aqveynebda motxrobebs. mushaobda gemis eqimadac. 1881 wels daamtavra universiteti medicinis bakalavris xarisxit. paralelurad werda. 1891 wlidan tavi mtlianad literaturas miudzghvna, milionobit adamianis sasixarulod. tumca, mere, garkveuli periodi samxedro hospitalshic imushava.

 

1910-iani wlebidan grdznobda, rom msoflio omi unda dawyebuliyo da tavis werilebshi mouwodebda qveyanas rezervistebis momzadebisken, tvitonac chaerto am saqmianobashi. cdilobda ufro usafrtxo gamxdariyo jarisjacisa da mezghvauris samsaxuri.

 

pirveli msoflio omis dawyebistanave moxalised chawera moindoma armiashi, magram uari utxres da tavisi publicisturi werilebit cdilobda patriotuli grdznobebi ganemtkicebina sazogadoebashi. 1920-iani wlebidan mogzaurobda da kvlav monawileobda sazogadoebriv cxovrebashi, aseve werda.

 

didi artur konan doili gardaicvala 1930 wlis 7 ivliss.

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