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GWP - saqartvelos mtavrobis nebieri investori
GWP  - saqartvelos mtavrobis nebieri investori
06:30 06.12.2010 [nana iashvili] wyali gadzvirda - „jorjian uoter end fauerma“ (GWP) tbiliselebistvis wylis tarifi 2.40-dan 3.15 laramde gazarda. mtavrobasa da investors shoris dadebuli pirveladi xelshekrulebit, kompanias tarifis gazrdis ufleba mxolod 2014 wlidan hqonda. tumca, rogorc irkveva, saqartvelos energetikisa da wyalmomaragebis maregulirebeli erovnuli komisiis rekomendaciit, investortan dadebul xelshekrulebashi es punqti sheicvala. 

kompaniam tarifis gazrda itxova, maregulirebeli ki motxovnas daetanxma. xelisufleba GWP-s wylis safasuris amoghebashic daexmara. 1 dekembridan dzalashi ertiani qvitari shevida da yvela im abonents, romelic 2011 wlis 1 ianvridan wylis gadasaxads ar gadaixdis, eleqtoenergiisa da gazis miwodeba sheuwydeba. unda itqvas, rom qartul sainvesticio garemoshi GWP „bednieri“ gamonaklisia: mas xelisufleba sheghavatebit permanentulad anebivrebs. wylis tarifis gazrdis uflebis garda, kompanias gansaxorcielebeli investiciis odenobac sheumcires da dedaqalaqis uwyveti wyalmomaragebis valdebuleba 2 wlit - 2013 wlamde gadauwies. garda amisa, investors arc wylis xarisxis gaumjobeseba daevala. kompaniastan gaformebuli xelshekrulebis mixedvit, „wylis xarisxi mudmivad unda sheesabamebodes, „janmos“ (WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION) teqnikur reglaments, magram ar unda iyos qalaq tbilisshi dghes arsebulze uaresi.“

tarifi im moqalaqeebistvis gadzvirda, romlebsac wyali 24-saatian rejimshi miewodebat. GWP-is monacemebit, aseti abonentebis ricxvi tbilisis mosaxleobis 86 procentia. kompaniis generaluri direqtori iorg matisi ar malavs, rom wylis tarifis gazrdis gadawyvetileba mtavrobastan shetanxebuli iyo: 
„wylis tarifis gazrdis gadawyvetileba mtavrobastan ertad mivighet. chven infrastruqturis gaumjobesebis miznit didi investicia ganvaxorcielet. chvens mier chadebuli investicia shesabamisi tarifit unda iyos gamartlebuli. fuli, romelsac kompania tarifit gamoimushavebs, isev investiciashi iqneba dabandebuli“. 

„jorjian uoter end faueris“ informaciit, wyalmomaragebisa da wyalarinebis momsaxurebaze dawesebulma tarifma unda uzrunvelyos ara mxolod wylis xarisxi da momxmareblebistvis momsaxurebis gaweva, aramed sxvadasxva tipis sareabilitacio, profilaqtikuri da gadaudebel samushaota chatarebac. kompaniis monacemebit, tbilisshi wyalmomaragebis safasurs mosaxleobis 45 procenti ar ixdis, an gadasaxads nawilobriv faravs, rac kompanias did zarals ayenebs. rogorc „jorjian uoter end fauershi“ acxadeben, kompania mosaxleobis mxridan wylis araracionaluri moxmarebis gamoc zaraldeba. GWP-shi acxadeben, rom mosaxleobis kutvnil qselebshi wylis danakargi dzalian didia. samagierod, investori ar akonkretebs wylis danakargis im odenobas, romelic mis sakutrebashi arsebuli infrastruqturis gaumartaobis gamo ikargeba“. 

saqartvelos energetikisa da wyalmomaragebis maregulirebeli erovnuli komisiis tavmjdomare guram chalagashvili acxadebs, rom kompaniam tarifis zrdis ekonomikurad dasabutebuli motxovna waradgina: 
„energetikisa da wyalmomaragebis maregulirebeli erovnuli komisia imistvis arsebobs, rom tarifi gansazghvros. GWP-s motxovna ekonomikurad dasabutebuli iyo da komisia tarifis zrdis motxovnas daetanxma. wylis tarifi ert sulze dghg-s gareshe 2,67 tetrit ganisazghvra“. 

rogorc GWP-shi acxadeben, kompanias wylis tarifis gazrdis ufleba aqamdec hqonda da is faqti, rom tarifi privatizaciamdel doneze darcha, investoris mxridan gamochenili ketili nebis nishania. logikurad tu vimsjelebt, is faqti, rom 2010 wlis pirvel naxevarshi GWP-m energetikisa da wyalmomaragebis maregulirebel erovnul komisisiashi wylis tarifis gazrdis shesaxeb ganacxadi ar sheitana, maisshi chatarebuli tvitmmartvelobis archevnebit aixsneba - archevnebis win aseti gadawyvetilebis migheba xelisuflebistvis wamgebiani iqneboda.

GWP-stan dadebuli xelshekrulebis tanaxmad, kompanias tbilisis dzveli sazghvrebis farglebshi (31.12.06 mdgomareobit) arsebuli qalaqi wylis uwyveti momaragebit 2011 wlamde unda uzrunveleyo, xolo qalaqi axali sazghvrebis farglebshi - 2013-2015 wlebshi. iorg matisi acxadebs, rom xelshekrulebashi cvlileba shevida da dedaqalaqis uwyveti wyalmomaragebis bolo vadam 2013 wlamde gadaiwia: 
„chasatarebeli samushaoebis masshtabebidan gamomdinare, ararealuria, dedaqalaqis uwyveti wyalmomarageba 2011 wlistvis moeswros. amis gatvaliswinebit, xelshekrulebashi shevida cvlileba, romlis tanaxmad tbilisis uwyveti wyalmomarageba, dzvel administraciul sazghvrebshi, 2013 wlamde ganxorcieldeba“.

amjamad GWP-i dedaqalaqis masshtabit 400 000-mde abonents emsaxureba. aqedan 2000-mde sabiujeto organizaciaa, 15 000 - komerciuli obieqti, danarcheni ki mosaxleobaa. wyalmomaragebisa da wyalarinebis momsaxurebis tarifi 1 m3 sasmel wyalze gamricxvelianebuli mosaxleobistvis 0,1 laria (aqedan, 1m3 wylis miwodebis tarifi 0,08 laria, xolo 0,02 lari 1m3 chamdinare sitxis gatareba-gawmendis momsaxurebis tarifi). „jorjian uoter end faueris“ informaciit, mosaxleobis is nawili, romelic sakutari survilit individualurad gamricxvelianda, dgheisatvis gacilebit naklebs ixdis, vidre suladobis mixedvit gadaxdis shemtxvevashi ixdida. abonentta am kategoriam sasmeli wylis xarjva da misi safasuric sashualod 4-jer sheamcira. 

rac sheexeba tbilisis srul gamricxvelianebas, GWP-shi acxadeben, rom am etapze tbilisis mosaxleobis dzalian mcire nawilia gamricxvelianebuli da individualuri mricxvelis dayenebis survilit kompanias mosaxleoba titqmis ar mimartavs. arsebuli kanonmdeblobit ki, gamricxvelianeba mosaxleobistvis nebayoflobitia. 

Multiplex Energy Limited-i da gasaidumloebuli xelshekruleba
Multiplex Energy Limited-s 2008 wlis 14 maiss saqartvelos mtavrobastan, ekonomikuri ganvitarebis saministrosa da q. tbilisis mtavrobastan gaformebuli xelshekrulebis tanaxmad, gadaeca shps „rustavwyalkanalis“, shps „mcxetawyalkanalis“, shps „saqwyalkanalisa“ da shps „tbilisis wylis“ 100% wilebi. wilebis gasxviseba saqartvelos prezidentis 2008 wlis 10 aprilis №245 gankargulebit dadgenili pirobebit moxda.

Multiplex Energy Limited-tan dadebuli xelshekruleba sajaro reestris erovnuli saagentos veb-gverdzea gantavsebuli. tumca, xelshekruleba arasruladaa warmodgenili. xelshekrulebis danartebi da xelshekrulebashi 2009 wlis dekembershi shesuli cvlilebis shesaxeb shetanxmeba kvlav gasaidumloebulia. 

sajaro reestris veb-gverdze xelshekrulebis teqstis gantavsebamde, sazogadoebisatvis cnobili iyo, rom „tbilisis wylis“, „saqwyalkanalis“, „mcxetawyalkanalis“ da „rustavwyalkanalis“ 100% prezidentis №245 gankargulebis tanaxmad, Multiplex Energy Limited-s pirdapiri miyidvis formit unda gadascemoda: shps „rustavwyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili 10 milion ashsh dolarad; shps „saqwyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili da shps „mcxetawyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili 662 atas ashsh dolarad. nakisri valdebulebebis shesrulebis uzrunvelsayofad, myidvels daevala bankis mier gacemuli 5 milioni ashsh dolaris gamouxmobadi sabanko garantiis warmodgena. investiciebis odenoba 100 milioni ashsh dolari unda yofiliyo. 

q. tbilisis tvitmmartveli erteulis sakutrebashi arsebuli shps „tbilisis wylis“ 100% wili myidvels 85 milion ashsh dolarad gadaeca. sabanko garantiis moculoba unda yofiliyo 10 milioni ashsh dolari; shesabamisad, investiciebis moculoba 200 milioni ashsh dolari. sawarmoebis wilebis shesasyidad myidvels jamshi unda warmoedgina 15 milioni ashsh dolaris sabanko garantia.

tumca, sazogadoebistvis cnobili gasxvisebis pirobebi, xelshekrulebis dadebisas mnishvnelovnad sheicvala da Multiplex Energy Limited-s gadaeca:
shps „rustavwyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili - 8 996 857 ashsh dolarad; shps „saqwyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili da shps „mcxetawyalkanalis“ saxelmwifo sakutrebashi arsebuli 100% wili - 585 480 ashsh dolarad. q. tbilisis tvitmmartveli erteulis sakutrebashi arsebuli shps „tbilisis wylis“ 100% wili - 70 428 871 ashsh dolarad. 

amastan, xelshekrulebitve, investiciebis jamuri odenoba ganisazghvra 220 milionit. sabanko garantiebis odenoba xelshekrulebashi mititebuli ar aris, magram investiciis odenoba amis gamotvlis sashualebasac idzleva - sabanko garantia 11 milioni ashsh dolaria.

amgvarad, prezidentis 2008 wlis 10 aprilis №245 gankargulebita da investortan xelmowerili xelshekrulebit gansazghvruli valdebulebebis shedarebis shedegad, gamodis rom investors sawarmoebis 100% wilebis jamuri fasi 15 650 792 ashsh dolarit sheumcires, gansaxorcielebeli investiciis jamuri odenoba - 80 000 000 ashsh dolarit, xolo sabanko garantiis odenoba - 4 000 000 ashsh dolarit.

garda amisa, mtavrobisa da „tbilisis wylis“ didi mondomebit, investorma maqsimalurad reabilitirebuli obieqti miigho - kompaniastan xelshekrulebis gaformebis sheyovnebis gamo „tbilisis wyalma“ moaxerxa da sakanalizacio sistemebis reabilitaciis da dedaqalaqis gamricxvelianebis gamalebul process ateulobit milioni lari moaxmara.

rit daimsaxura Multiplex Energy Limited-ma saqartvelos xelisuflebis aseti wyaloba? am kitxvas pasuxi rom gavcet, kompaniis sakutrebastan dakavshirebuli informacia unda movishveliot, romlis tanaxmad, GWP-i rusi oligarqis, andrei rapaportis sakutrebaa. wyalkanalshi rapaportis ashkarad shemosvla, rogorc chans, xelisuflebistvis, romelsac rusebtan farul garigebebshi isedac xshirad adanashauleben, wamgebiani iyo. amitom, wyalkanalis shesasyidad specialurad sheiqmna kompania, romelic shveicariulad moinatla da tbilisis wylis tendershi miigho monawileoba. rus oligarqs qartveli chinovnikebic daexmarnen da samagierod, rapaportisgan sachuqris saxit tbilisis wylis wilis 15% miighes. swored am kombinaciit aixsneba mtavrobis mxridan GWP-stvis permanentuli sheghavatebis minicheba. 

GWP-s ert–erti qartveli mewile gaxda levan kacharava, igive „tilika“, romelic „silq roudis“ aqcioneri iyo da misi saxeli yazaxur investiciebs ukavshirdeba. meore mewile – gocha megrelidze, xolo mesame – giorgi gachechiladze. es ukanaskneli shevardnadzis mtavrobis ekonomikis ministri iyo. tbilisis wylis kidev erti mewilea evgeni dodi, romelic „interraos“ direqtorta sabchos tavmjdomarea. rogorc amboben, germanel iorg matissac dzalian bevri ram akavshirebs rusettan. mamamisi rusetshi wlebis mandzilze germaniis demokratiuli respublikis saelchos tanamshromeli iyo da is faqtobrivad, leningradshia gazrdili. amboben, rom matiss dzalian kargad icnoben da endobian „interraoshi“.



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